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South Australia

South Australia is one of the Australia's six states, located (as the name implies) in the south of the vast island continent. It is the engine room of the Australian wine industry, responsible for around half of the country's total output each year. But the region isn't just about quantity – countless high-quality wines are made here, most of them from the region's signature grape, Shiraz. These include such iconic wines as Penfolds Grange, Henschke Hill of Grace, Torbreck The Laird and d'Arenberg The Dead Arm.

From east to west, South Australia measures roughly 745 miles (1200km), and borders every other Australian state except the island of Tasmania. Its measurements from north to south are less neat and man-made, as its southern border is formed entirely by the arching coastline of the Great Australian Bight. It is at the eastern edge of this arch, as the coastline plunges southwards into cooler latitudes, that the vast majority of South Australian wine is produced.

The south-eastern corner of South Australia is significantly cooler and less arid than further north, which is simply too hot and dry for viticulture. The climate is moderated by two large gulfs, which bring the cool waters of the Southern Ocean hundreds of miles inland from the main coastline. Between the eastern side of the Gulf of St. Vincent (the smaller of these two) and the Murray River is a belt of green about 50 miles (80km) wide, clearly visible on satellite images. Here, the famous Barossa Valley, Eden Valley, Clare Valley and McLaren Vale wine regions are to be found.

South Australia's wine portfolio is heavily focused on powerful red wines, most of which are made from Shiraz. Another variety which thrives here is Cabernet Sauvignon, the best examples of which come from the Limestone Coast in the state's far south-eastern corner (particularly in Coonawarra, Padthaway and Robe). Grenache has also proved well-suited to the South Australian climate and wine-making style, particularly when combined with Shiraz and Mourvèdre to create the classic Australian GSM blend. Such diverse European varieties as Tempranillo, Nebbiolo, Montepulciano and Petit Verdot are also to be found in South Australian vineyards, but only in small quantities.

White wines are not South Australia's strong suit, with the notable exception of the world-class Riesling that has emerged from the Clare Valley in the past few decades. Almost inevitably, Chardonnay is grown widely here, but rarely produces top-quality wine outside the cooler climes of the Adelaide Hills. Among the less common white-wine varieties are Sémillon, Roussanne, Viognier and Verdelho.

Given the size of South Australia, climate and topography vary significantly across the state. Even within the main winegrowing regions in the south-east, the distances are significant; Coonawarra lies a full 275 miles (445km) south-east of the Clare Valley, and 350 miles from the state's northernmost wine region, the Southern Flinders Ranges. To put this into context, this is an area larger than Portugal.

The winegrowing regions cover six full degrees of latitude (38°S to 32°S). Altitude is also diverse here, ranging from almost sea-level in Langhorne Creek to 600m in parts of the Piccadilly Valley in the Adelaide Hills. This makes it impossible to summarise South Australia's terroir to any useful degree of accuracy, while also explaining how a single region can produce such diverse wines as crisp, cool-climate Chardonnay and rich, robust Shiraz.
  • Murphy Vineyards Big Rivers Shiraz
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    Original price £8.75
    Current price £7.88

    Murphy Vineyards Big Rivers Shiraz

    Murphy Vineyards

    Murphy Vineyards Big Rivers Shiraz is a great example of Aussie Shiraz at a great price too. Packed with black fruit with blackcurrant dominating, ...

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    Original price £8.75
    Current price £7.88
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  • Trentham Estate Pinot Noir
    £13.25

    Trentham Estate Pinot Noir

    Trentham Estate

    Trentham Estate Pinot Noir has a delicate, lifted aroma displaying strawberry and red cherry fruits. These flavours continue to the palate and are ...

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    £13.25
  • Coriole Sangiovese
    £17.75

    Coriole Estate Sangiovese

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Sangiovese sees one of Mark Lloyd's Italian grape varieties offer a flavour profile far removed from the usual McLaren Vale menu of Shiraz,...

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    £17.75
  • Coriole Redstone Cabernet Sauvignon
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    £15.99

    Coriole Redstone Cabernet Sauvignon

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Redstone Cabernet Sauvignon has lifted black fruits on the nose, along with berries, pepper, earth and liquorice aromas. The palate is medi...

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    £15.99
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  • Coriole Sangiovese Shiraz
    £14.45

    Coriole Sangiovese Shiraz

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Sangiovese Shiraz shows redcurrant, cherry, dark chocolate and a soft earthiness on its nose. Hints of liquorice and spice lead into a medi...

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    £14.45
  • Hollick Pinot Noir
    £16.95

    Hollick Pinot Noir

    Hollick

    Hollick Pinot Noiris a vibrant cherry red. Confectionery notes derived from carbonic maceration blend with cherry, spices and red currants. Bright ...

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    £16.95
  • Rolf Binder Hales Shiraz
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    Original price £14.90
    Current price £13.41

    Rolf Binder Hales Shiraz

    Rolf Binder

    Rolf Binder Hales Shiraz is a deep, blood red wine that fills the glass with aromas of rich red berries and dark bitter chocolate. Dark cherries en...

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    Original price £14.90
    Current price £13.41
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  • Coriole Shiraz
    £21.60

    Coriole Estate Shiraz

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Shiraz is stylish, complex and tightly focused around a bright acidity. This elegant and exceptionally balanced young Shiraz has a spicy, p...

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    £21.60
  • Coriole Lloyd Reserve Shiraz
    £45.75

    Coriole Lloyd Reserve Shiraz

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Lloyd Reserve Shiraz shows intense red and black fruit; cherry and mulberry, along with rosehip floral notes and sweet spice on the nose. T...

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    £45.75
  • Hollick Stock Route Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon
    £15.95

    Hollick Stock Route Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon

    Hollick

    Hollick Stock Route Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon has a bright crimson colour with deep purple hues that invites you into a nose of cherry liqueur, plu...

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    £15.95
  • Trentham Estate Shiraz
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    Original price £13.25
    Current price £11.93

    Trentham Estate Shiraz

    Trentham Estate

    Trentham Estate Shiraz is deep red in colour with cherry, cassis, mocha and mint aromas. These aromas follow onto the palate to compliment flavours...

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    Original price £13.25
    Current price £11.93
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  • Hollick Shiraz
    £16.70

    Hollick Wrattonbully Shiraz

    Hollick

    Hollick Shiraz displays that rare combination of power and elegance. After aromas of blueberry and cedar on the nose, there is an abundance of swee...

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    £16.70
  • Trentham Estate Merlot
    £13.25

    Trentham Estate Merlot

    Trentham Estate

    Trentham Estate Merlot is deep red in colour, with lifted aromas of cherry and mulberry with a hint of mocha. On the palate you find flavours of sw...

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    £13.25
  • Hollick Tannery Block Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot
    £16.70

    Hollick Tannery Block Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot

    Hollick

    Hollick Tannery Block Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot has ripe, upfront red berry fruit, roses and violets on the nose, making way for a soft, full palat...

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    £16.70
  • Coriole Redstone Shiraz
    £16.65

    Coriole Redstone Shiraz

    Coriole Vineyards

    Coriole Redstone Shiraz has a lifted nose that displays plum, raspberry, spice and earth. The palate is rich, full and generous with red fruits, da...

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    £16.65
  • Bremerton Coulthard Cabernet Sauvignon
    £18.65

    Bremerton Coulthard Cabernet Sauvignon

    Bremerton

    The Bremerton Coulthard Cabernet Sauvignon shows the typical varietal expression of Langhorne Creek Cabernet, one of the original grape varieties t...

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    £18.65