Vermentino/Favorita

Vermentino is a white wine grape, primarily found in Italy. It is widely planted in Sardinia, in Liguria (under the name Pigato), to some extent in Corsica, in Piemonte (under the name Favorita), and in increasing amounts in Languedoc-Roussillon (under the name Rolle). The leaves are dark green and pentagonal. The grapes are amber yellow and hang in pyramidal bunches. The vines are often grown on slopes facing the sea where they can benefit from the additional reflected light. The Vitis International Variety Catalogue now gives Italy as its origin, and recent DNA typing has confirmed Vermentino to be identical to Pigato of Liguria and Favorita of Piemonte, superseding some earlier hypotheses. It is unclear if Vermentino is also identical to the variety Rollo found in eastern Provence, around Nice. Both that variety and Vermentino go under the local synonym Rolle.

The most famous wine made from Vermentino is probably the DOCG Vermentino di Gallura which is produced in the province of Olbia-Tempio, in the north of Sardinia. The grape is said to have been cultivated in this part of Gallura, often under the name Arratelau, since the fourteenth century. Elsewhere on the island the grape is used for a variety of white wines, including sweet and sparkling variants.
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